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Analysis of Potential Reduction of Atmospheric Emissions from Harvesting Process in Sugarcane Fields in Tamasopo-Mexico and Campos Dos Goytacazes-Brazil

  • The increase in greenhouse gas emissions, mainly due to the burning of fossil fuels and land use change, has led to changes in the global climate. Agriculture is one of the economic sectors most vulnerable to the impacts generated by climate change. For this reason, the challenge facing humanity today is to develop innovative solutions to address the complexity of agricultural sustainability. On the other hand, sugarcane is one of the crops that emits the most pollutants into the atmosphere, mainly due to the burning of sugarcane before and after harvesting. Most of these atmospheric pollutants are precursors of climate change and have an impact on the health and quality of life of communities. Moreover, this agricultural practice causes the gradual deterioration of the soil, directly affecting sugarcane production. Consequently, several sugarcane-producing countries have established regulations or dispositions to eliminate this agricultural practice, and one option to eliminate it is the mechanization of harvesting. However, its implementation implies social, environmental, and economic impacts that must be analyzed systemically to avoid potential failures during the technological transition process. It is for this reason that this research, through the MICMAC method, focused on identifying the variables associated with the reduction of sugarcane burning in Campos dos Goytacazes and Tamasopo, to subsequently analyze their direct and indirect interrelationship, and, thus, determine the opportunities and limitations of each locality for the reduction of sugarcane burning. Through this analysis, it became evident that although the technological transition is an imminent step for the sustainability of sugarcane cultivation, certain factors such as legislation, technological innovation, and the perception of the stakeholders regarding the consequences of sugarcane burning, is what defines in the study sites the speed and subsequent success of this process of change towards green harvesting.
Verfasserangaben:Denisse Gonzalez
Gutachter*in:Sabine Schlüter, Javier Fortanelli Martínez
Veröffentlichende Institution:Hochschulbibliothek der Technischen Hochschule Köln
Titel verleihende Institution:Technische Hochschule Köln
Datum der Veröffentlichung:27.09.2021
Datum der Freigabe:14.12.2021
GND-Schlagwort:Brand; Ernte; Zuckerrohr
Freies Schlagwort / Tag:Atmospheric emissions; Burning; Harvest; Sugarcane; Variables
Seitenzahl:XI, 120
Fakultäten und Zentrale Einrichtungen:Fakultät für Raumentwicklung und Infrastruktursysteme (F12) / Fakultät 12 / Institut für Technologie und Ressourcenmanagement in den Tropen und Subtropen
DDC-Sachgruppen:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik
Open Access:Open Access
Lizenz (Deutsch):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International