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Assessing NGO’s engagement in WASH: The contributions of school sanitation projects to just transition

  • Human civilization has a great history of managing Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WaSH) services. But such services in rural areas have been neglected throughout our history. Numerous multimillion dollars WaSH interventions have been implemented in rural areas to eradicate open defecation, but most of them failed to create a demand for sanitation. Lack of equity and fair participation in approaches to change behavior and mindset, rather than habits, has made it hard for governments to achieve their WaSH related targets. Participatory rural sanitation approaches that focus on behavior change and ownership building among the community members have helped in the transition to open defecation free (ODF) societies. A justice-focused sanitation approach shows potential in fast-tracking this transition. Just transition is a concept that has not been endured in the sanitation discussion yet but shows the potential of sustainable WaSH solutions. This social empirical research has explored the feasibility of a justice-based sanitation approach guiding a transition towards societies with universal access to sanitation services. A just sanitation transition framework was adapted from the considered theoretical foundations and was used to map the capability and justice dimensions of two rural sanitation approaches being implemented in schools in the Mukuyu community in Trans-Nzoia county, Kenya. The adapted framework has been able to compute both sanitation approaches on a scoring tool, quantitatively assessing the productivity and justice dimensions of both approaches. This research has helped in establishing the viability of a just sanitation transition framework to produce an informed understanding of the potential of rural sanitation approaches to produce desired results while being just. Study findings help in filling research gaps and laying the foundation to the just transition debate in the sanitation sector and opens a window to further researches on the same, in the future.

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Verfasserangaben:Sumit Sharma
Gutachter*in:Prof. Dr. Johannes Hamhaber, Dr. Sudeh Dehnavi
Veröffentlichende Institution:Hochschulbibliothek der Technischen Hochschule Köln
Titel verleihende Institution:Technische Hochschule Köln
Datum der Erstveröffentlichung:05.10.2021
Datum des Hochladens:14.12.2021
GND-Schlagwort:Gerechtigkeit; Nichtstaatliche Organisation; Wasser
Freies Schlagwort / Tag:Just Sanitation Transition Framework; Just Transition; Rural Sanitation Approaches; School WaSH; Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene
Fakultäten und Zentrale Einrichtungen:Fakultät für Raumentwicklung und Infrastruktursysteme (F12) / Fakultät 12 / Institut für Technologie und Ressourcenmanagement in den Tropen und Subtropen
CCS-Klassifikation:A. General Literature
DDC-Sachgruppen:300 Sozialwissenschaften
JEL-Klassifikation:Q Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
Open Access:Open Access
Lizenz (Deutsch):License LogoCreative Commons - CC0 1.0 - Universell - Public Domain Dedication