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Co-Treatment of Landfill Leachate and Liquid Fractions of Anaerobic Digestate in an Industrial-Scale Membrane Bioreactor System

  • The management of the liquid fraction of digestate produced from the anaerobic digestion of biodegradable municipal solid waste is a difficult affair, as its land application is limited due to high ammonium concentrations and the municipal waste that water treatment plants struggle to treat due to high pollutant loads. The amount of leachate and the pollutant load in the leachate produced by landfills usually decreases with the time, which increases the capacity of landfill leachate treatment plants (LLTPs) to treat additional wastewater. In order to solve the above two challenges, the co-treatment of landfill leachate and the liquid fraction of anaerobic digestate in an industrial-scale LLTP was investigated along with the long-term impacts of the liquid fraction of anaerobic digestate on biocoenosis and its impact on LLTP operational expenses. The co-treatment of landfill leachate and liquid fraction of anaerobic digestate was compared to conventional leachate treatment in an industrial-scale LLTP, which included the use of two parallel lanes (Lane-1 and Lane-2). The average nitrogen removal efficiencies in Lane-1 (co-treatment) were 93.4%, 95%, and 92%, respectively, for C/N ratios of 8.7, 8.9, and 9.4. The average nitrogen removal efficiency in Lane-2 (conventional landfill leachate treatment), meanwhile, was 88%, with a C/N ratio of 6.5. The LLTP’s average chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies were 63.5%, 81%, and 78% during phases one, two, and three, respectively. As the volume ratios of the liquid fraction of anaerobic digestate increased, selective oxygen uptake rate experiments demonstrated the dominance of heterotrophic bacteria over ammonium and nitrite-oxidising organisms. The inclusion of the liquid fraction of anaerobic digestate during co-treatment did not cause a significant increase in operational resources, i.e., oxygen, the external carbon source, activated carbon, and energy.
Metadaten
Author:Nitesh Babu Annepogu, Pascal F. Beese-Vasbender, Himanshu Himanshu, Christian Wolf, Astrid Rehorek
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:832-epub4-20093
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/pr10061140
ISSN:2227-9717
Parent Title (English):Processes
Publisher:MDPI
Editor:George Z. Kyzas
Document Type:Article
Language:English
Date of first Publication:2022/06/06
Date of Publication (online):2022/08/10
GND-Keyword:Denitrifikation; Nitrifikation
Tag:C/N Ratio; Denitrification; Landfill Leachate; Liquid Fractions of Anaerobic Digestate; Membrane Bioreactor; Nitrification; Operational Resources; Selective Oxygen Uptake Rate
Volume:10
Issue:6
Page Number:23
Institutes:Informatik und Ingenieurwissenschaften (F10) / Fakultät 10 / :metabolon Institut
Dewey Decimal Classification:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International