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Assessing Water Security in Water-Scarce Cities: Applying the Integrated Urban Water Security Index (IUWSI) in Madaba, Jordan

  • Water security is a major concern for water-scarce cities that face dynamic water challenges due to limited water supply, climate change and increasing water demand. Framing urban water security is challenging due to the complexity and uncertainties of the definitions and assessment frameworks concerning urban water security. Several studies have assessed water security by granting priority indicators equal weight without considering or adapting to the local conditions. This study develops a new urban water security assessment framework with application to the water-scarce city of Madaba, Jordan. The study applies the new assessment framework on the study area and measures urban water security using the integrated urban water security index (IUWSI) and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) as a decision management tool to prioritise and distinguish indicators that affect the four dimensions of urban water security: drinking water, ecosystems, climate change and water-related hazards, and socioeconomic aspects (DECS). The integrated urban water security index (IUWSI) highlights the state of water security and intervention strategies in Madaba. The study reveals that urban water security in Madaba is satisfactory to meet basic needs, with shortcomings in some aspects of the DECS. However, Madaba faces poor security in terms of managing climate- and water-related risks. The IUWSI framework assists with a rational and evidence-based decision-making process, which is important for enhancing water resources management in water-scarce cities.

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Metadaten
Verfasserangaben:Hassan Tolba Aboelnga, Hazim El-Naser, Lars Ribbe, Franz-Bernd Frechen
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:832-epub4-15483
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/w12051299
ISSN:2073-4441
Titel des übergeordneten Werkes (Englisch):Water
Jahr der Fertigstellung:2020
Verlag:MDPI
Dokumentart:Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Sprache:Englisch
Datum des Hochladens:09.07.2020
GND-Schlagwort:Jordanien; Wassermangel; Wassersicherstellung
Freies Schlagwort / Tag:Analytic hierarchy process; Efficient water management; Urban water security; Water-scarce cities
Jahrgang:12
Ausgabe / Heft:5
Seitenzahl:22
Fakultäten und Zentrale Einrichtungen:Institut für Technologie in den Tropen (ITT)
DDC-Sachgruppen:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik / 550 Geowissenschaften
Open Access:Open Access
DeepGreen:DeepGreen
Lizenz (Deutsch):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International