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Implementing the Concept of Environmental Flow in Egypt: Considerations regarding Social Concerns, Policies and Applications

  • Water is an eminently important element for societal development. It must be available in sufficient quantity and quality to meet human requirements of consumption, food production and sanitation. The riverine ecosystems are increasingly deteriorated due to human interventions. This leads to changes in the natural flow patterns. The concept of environmental flow started to emerge. Due to the importance of environmental flow in the integrated river basin management, researchers and scientists worldwide have made great efforts towards assessing the environmental flow requirements in river ecosystems. Various tools and techniques were defined. Governmental authorities and water ministries (all over the world including Egypt) have introduced regulations and policies to assure the vitality of environmental flow in river management and water allocation too. Although different methods are available for the environmental flow assessment, those techniques are not practically applied. Implementing the environmental flow in real world is a challenge, due to the lack of political will and the stakeholder support, the institutional barriers and conflicts of interest, and finally the insufficient resources and capacity in environmental management institutions. It is a multidisciplinary and intersectoral process. The present study aims to report the importance of environmental flow regarding the inhabitants’ daily life as well as the overall Egyptian socio-economic, political and health status. It demonstrates the methods of applying the Environmental flow concept in Egypt with a focus on social and political aspects, detailing the current situation in Egypt, and clarifying the obstacles that face the implementation process. The data was collected via local people questionnaires, stakeholders’ interviews and field visits. The study proposes solutions to evade the environmental flow implementation obstacles and overcome current challenges. Moreover, the study predicts future issues and offers solutions to avoid their occurrence.

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Author:Yasmin Mahmoud Saber Mahmoud
Year of Completion:2017
Referee:Lars Ribbe, Georg Lamberty
Document Type:Master's Thesis
Publishing Institution:Hochschulbibliothek der Technischen Hochschule Köln
Granting Institution:Technische Hochschule Köln
Date of Publication (online):2018/03/01
GND-Keyword:Nil; Ägypten
Tag:Assessment; Ecosystem goods; Ecosystem services; Egypt; Environmental flow; Management; Nile river; People; Resources; Water; flow
Page Number:114
Institutes:Fakultät für Raumentwicklung und Infrastruktursysteme (F12) / Fakultät 12 / Institut für Technologie und Ressourcenmanagement in den Tropen und Subtropen
CCS-Classification:A. General Literature
Dewey Decimal Classification:500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften
900 Geschichte und Geografie
JEL-Classification:Q Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
Y Miscellaneous Categories
Z Other Special Topics
Open Access:Open Access
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - Namensnennung-Keine kommerzielle Nutzung-Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen