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An Analytical Investigation of Natural Convection of a Van Der Waals Gas over a Vertical Plate
(2021)

The study focused on a theoretical study of natural convection in a van der Waals gasnear a vertical plate. A novel simplified form of the van der Waals equation derived in the studyenabled analytical modeling of fluid flow and heat transfer. Analytical solutions were obtained forthe velocity and temperature profiles, as well as the Nusselt numbers. It was revealed that nonlineareffects considered by the van der Waals equation of state contribute to acceleration or decelerationof the flow. This caused respective enhancement or deterioration of heat transfer. Results for a vander Waals gas were compared with respective computations using an ideal gas model. Limits of theapplicability of the simplified van der Waals equations were pinpointed.

The paper focuses on a study of turbulence decay in flow with streamwise gradient. For the first time, an analytical solution of this problem was obtained based on the k‐ε model of turbulence in one‐dimensional (1D) approximation, as well as on the symmetry properties of the system of differential equations. Lie group technique enabled reducing the problem to a linear differential equation. The analytical solution enabled parametric studies, which are computationally cheap in comparison to CFD based simulations. The lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) in two‐dimensional approximation (2D) was used to validate the analytical results. Large eddy simulation (LES) Smagorinsky approach was used to close the LBM model. Computations revealed that the rate of turbulence decay is significantly different for the cases of positive and negative streamwise pressure gradient. The further comparisons showed that the analytical solution underpredicts the predictions by the numerical methodology, which can be attributed to the simplified problem statement used to derive the closed‐form analytical solution. Comparisons of calculations with experiments revealed that the theoretical models used in the study underpredict the measurements for flows with a positive pressure gradient. Hence it can be concluded that the LBM technique combined with the LES Smagorinsky model requires the further modification.

Solving problems of detonation control is associated with obtaining detailed information about the gas dynamics accompanying the detonation process. This paper focuses on the dynamics of real gas flow through a plane detonation wave. The influence of real gas parameters on the Chapman–Jouguet detonation process has been studied. The process is described using the Rankine–Hugoniot system of equations. To model the thermodynamic properties of a real gas, the van der Waals equation of state is used. Equations are obtained to determine the ratio of speeds and pressures during the passage of a wave. The influence of van der Waals parameters on changes in the parameters of the detonation process was elucidated. An increase in parameter A slows down the increase in pressure in the detonation wave, and an increase in parameter B enhances it. Differences in the speed of combustion products for ideal and real gases are shown. For an ideal gas, combustion products flow from the detonation front at a critical (sonic) speed. For a van der Waals gas, the speed of combustion products may be greater than the critical one. Moreover, both factors, additional pressure (A) and additional volume (B), lead to acceleration of combustion products. Effects of heat release on the process parameters were elucidated.

The focus of this paper was Jouguet detonation in an ideal gas flow in a magnetic field. A modified Hugoniot detonation equation has been obtained, taking into account the influence of the magnetic field on the detonation process and the parameters of the detonation wave. It was shown that, under the influence of a magnetic field, combustion products move away from the detonation front at supersonic speed. As the magnetic field strength increases, the speed of the detonation products also increases. A dependence has been obtained that allows us to evaluate the influence of heat release on detonation parameters.